Evolution of Gumboro; Infectious Bursal Disease Virus

The infectious bursal disease, avian infectious bursal disease (IBD) or Gumboro disease, is caused by the infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV). The virus infects immature B lymphocytes in the bursa of Fabricius located near the chickens’ cloaca, causing immunosuppression, secondary infections associated with opportunistic pathogens, reduced responses to vaccination programs, and greater clinical reactions to live attenuated vaccines. →

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Avian flu forces poultry producers to cull birds due to outbreaks around the world

Avian flu is a highly contagious viral disease caused by the type A orthomyxoviruses (Alphainfluenzavirus or Influenzavirus A) that affects […] →

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An Important Review: Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale

Over the last three years in the United States, there has been significant cases of Ornithobacterium rhinotracheale (ORT), especially in […] →

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