25 May 2020

Proposal for monitoring and controlling waste in plants

control desperdicios en los mataderos


AUTHOR

Eduardo Cervantes López

Diamond V

Content available in: Español (Spanish) Português (Portuguese (Brazil))

For the monitoring and control of waste in processing plants, some companies have installed a camera system at strategic points in their facilities outside and inside their plants.

For this purpose, these technological watchdogs locate, among other areas, the following:

  • Truck scale
  • Holding shed
  • Hanging live birds on the slaughter overhead carrier
  • Entrance of the Scalder
  • Output of the last plucker
  • Hanging on the evisceration overhead conveyor
  • Off the hook in the Pre-chiller
  • Chiller output
  • Hanging on draining overhead conveyor
  • Packaging of whole chickens
  • Deskinning and deboning
  • Production control
  • Entrance to cold rooms
  • Order dispatches
monitoring and control of waste in poultry slaughterhouses These video cameras are connected to large screens, which are generally found in the offices of the Plant Manager and the company’s General Management. These officials periodically check these monitors to verify that all daily activities are carried out normally during processing. It is a very simple and practical method, which allows them to have a direct view in real time.

Taking with reference to the effective results achieved on operational dynamics, the following observation infrastructure that each plant can install according to its needs is put to the consideration of the readers.

Currently, many plants have in operation a set of chambers located in different sections of the plant, cold rooms and offices, in order to evaluate the normal proceedings of all activities. For this proposal the elements to be used are:

  • Strategically placed cameras in order to monitor locations where chickens fall.
  • Large Screen where a minimum of 12 situations can be evaluated. A person should continuously review it.

waste control in poultry slaughterhouses

It is suggested that cameras be directed towards:

  • Stunner Entrance – Confirm that all hooks have chickens.
  • Stunner ExitCheck that no chicken has been dropped after the process.
  • Blood Tunnel – All hooks are full.
  • Exit of the Scalder – Each hook must have a chicken
  • Plucking entrance and exit – A chicken must be hung on each hook. (Photo 1)
  • Automatic Evisceration – Cloaca cutter to intestinal packet extractor. After quality control inspection, some hooks are empty for one of these reasons.
    • Total forfeiture
    • Withdrawal of the line to locate the chickens in the reprocessing conveyor.
Observe the bottom trays of the following equipment:

  • Neck cutter
  • Neck skin cutter.
  • Crooper
  • Washer Interior – Exterior housings
  • Likewise, thegizzard processor, liver and heart cleaning and refresher station. During these operations, products accumulate in the ducts, channels, belt conveyors, etc. As they are not collected systematically, they clog and fall to the ground. (photos 2 and 3)

When water cooling is done, the carcasses are placed on the slide that leads them to the counter, where they are stored to be hung on the runoff overhead conveyor. Failure to maintain a hooking rate similar to the chiller output per minute will cause the carcasses to drop to the floor.

Packing, slicing and deboning

The carcasses are located on the overhead conveyor where they are selected for different purposes to be sent to the respective sections: Whole chicken packaging, cut-up-parts and deboning. In both situations, accumulations of products may occur that cause parts to fall on the floor.

poultry slaughterhouse management

Management of the Waste Monitoring System

The person assigned to this activity must be concentrated, observing and evaluating the efficiency of each of the operations where the video cameras are located. When detecting missing birds on overhead carriers, or chickens on the bottom trays of automatic evisceration, product accumulation in the material handling infrastructure or on the floor, he must report these abnormalities to the managers of each of the sections as soon as possible , in order for them to take corrective actions. In addition, inform the Maintenance staff in case these are related to mechanical issues.

The following cases are presented as a guide: Some chickens come off the hooks due to the their different leg thicknesses.

RECOMMENDATION

Use expandable hooks that guarantee the proper latching of the birds in each of the slaughter phases, regardless of their leg thickness. It is not proposed to buy new hooks. Existing ones can be redesigned.

The daily challenge of this specialized group is to promptly evaluate in each of the stages the small details that can be behind the occurrence of the waste and accordingly design the corrective solutions.

Evisceration

Metal hooks are generally used in manual processes. These can also be redesigned so that they support the shanks, regardless of their thickness. In automatic operations, the chickens fall much less. Sometimes this is due to the fact that for various reasons the birds do not stay well positioned on the hooks and/or equipment. Manual repositioning may be a solution.

Processing of Gizzards, Livers, Hearts, Etc.

The management of these small organs is a daily challenge. Their size facilitates their accumulation, especially the infrastructure transporting them is not in optimal conditions of design or installation. Therefore, they end up on the floor. The collaboration of the personnel handling them is very important to avoid these costly losses. Even though companies do not have this simple but effective technology in place, in many plants it is observed that the products that fall to the floor represent a minimum loss of saleable products. A teamwork made in real time makes it possible. (photo 4)

slaughterhouse waste

Notwithstanding what was mentioned above, plants gradually increase the number of chickens processed daily. Therefore, it is interesting to evaluate the use of Artificial Intelligence in this final part of the business. This amazing technology is already being used on farms where birds are raised and fattened. This successful real-time monitoring tool has proven to be very effective in controlling the small details during this delicate stage of production, where supervision must be carried out 24 hours, because not detecting a high risk agent and putting in order this operational or sanitary threat can affect the quality of the birds sent to the plant, as well as their respective performance.



 

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